所属 京都産業大学 生命科学部 先端生命科学科 職種 教授
|Knockdown of mitochondrial heat shock protein 70 promotes progeria-like phenotypes in Caenorhabditis elegans
|Journal of Biological Chemistry
|AMER SOC BIOCHEMISTRY MOLECULAR BIOLOGY INC
|Kimura, K.,Tanaka, N.,Nakamura, N.,Takano, S.,Ohkuma, S.
|Mitochondrial heat shock protein 70 (mthsp70) functions as a mitochondrial import motor and is essential in mitochondrial biogenesis and energy generation in eukaryotic cells. HSP-6 (hsp70F) is a nematode orthologue of mthsp70. Knockdown of HSP-6 by RNA interference in young adult nematodes caused a reduction in the levels of ATP-2, HSP-60 and CLK-1, leading to abnormal mitochondrial morphology and lower ATP levels. As a result, RNA interference-treated worms had lower motility, defects in oogenesis, earlier accumulation of autofluorescent material, and a shorter life span. These are the major phenotypes observed during the aging of worms, suggesting that the reduction of HSP-6 causes early aging or progeria-like phenotypes. The amount of HSP-6 became dramatically reduced at the expected mean life span in not only wild-type but also in long and short life span mutant worms (wild-type, daf-2, and daf-16). Mitochondrial HSP-60 and ATP-2 were also reduced following the reduction of HSP-6 during aging. These results suggest that the reduction of HSP-6 causes defects in mitochondrial function at the final stage of aging, leading to mortality.