サガワ ヒデオ   SAGAWA HIDEO
  佐川 英夫
   所属   京都産業大学  理学部 宇宙物理・気象学科
   職種   教授
言語種別 英語
発行・発表の年月 2013/03
形態種別 研究論文
査読 査読あり
標題 Validation of stratospheric and mesospheric ozone observed by SMILES from International Space Station
執筆形態 その他
掲載誌名 Atmospheric Measurement Techniques
出版社・発行元 COPERNICUS GESELLSCHAFT MBH
巻・号・頁 6(9),pp.2311-2338
著者・共著者 Kasai, Y,Sagawa, H,Kreyling, D
概要 We observed ozone (O-3) in the vertical region between 250 and 0.0005 hPa (similar to 12-96 km) using the Superconducting Submillimeter-Wave Limb-Emission Sounder (SMILES) on the Japanese Experiment Module (JEM) of the International Space Station (ISS) between 12 October 2009 and 21 April 2010. The new 4K superconducting heterodyne receiver technology of SMILES allowed us to obtain a one order of magnitude better signal-to-noise ratio for the O-3 line observation compared to past spaceborne microwave instruments. The non-sun-synchronous orbit of the ISS allowed us to observe O-3 at various local times. We assessed the quality of the vertical profiles of O-3 in the 100-0.001 hPa (similar to 16-90 km) region for the SMILES NICT Level 2 product version 2.1.5. The evaluation is based on four components: error analysis; internal comparisons of observations targeting three different instrumental setups for the same O-3 625.371 GHz transition; internal comparisons of two different retrieval algorithms; and external comparisons for various local times with ozonesonde, satellite and balloon observations (ENVISAT/MIPAS, SCISAT/ACE-FTS, Odin/OSIRIS, Odin/SMR, Aura/MLS, TELIS). SMILES O-3 data have an estimated absolute accuracy of better than 0.3 ppmv (3%) with a vertical resolution of 3-4 km over the 60 to 8 hPa range. The random error for a single measurement is better than the estimated systematic error, being less than 1, 2, and 7%, in the 40-1, 80-0.1, and 100-0.004 hPa pressure regions, respectively. SMILES O-3 abundance was 10-20% lower than all other satellite measurements at 8-0.1 hPa due to an error arising from uncertainties of the tangent point information and the gain calibration for the intensity of the spectrum. SMILES O-3 from observation frequency Band-B had better accuracy than that from Band-A. A two month period is required to accumulate measurements covering 24 h in local time of O-3 profile. However such a dataset can also contain variation due to dynamical, seasonal, and latitudinal effects.
DOI 10.5194/amt-6-2311-2013
ISSN 1867-1381/1867-8548