サガワ ヒデオ   SAGAWA HIDEO
  佐川 英夫
   所属   京都産業大学  理学部 宇宙物理・気象学科
   職種   教授
言語種別 英語
発行・発表の年月 2013/11
形態種別 研究論文
査読 査読あり
標題 HCl and ClO profiles inside the Antarctic vortex as observed by SMILES in November 2009: comparisons with MLS and ACE-FTS instruments
執筆形態 その他
掲載誌名 Atmospheric Measurement Techniques
出版社・発行元 COPERNICUS GESELLSCHAFT MBH
巻・号・頁 6(11),pp.3099-3113
著者・共著者 Sugita, T,al,incl,Sagawa
概要 We present vertical profiles of hydrogen chloride (HCl) and chlorine monoxide (ClO) as observed by the Superconducting Submillimeter-Wave Limb-Emission Sounder (SMILES) on the International Space Station (ISS) inside the Antarctic vortex on 19-24 November 2009. The SMILES HCl value reveals 2.8-3.1 ppbv between 450K and 500K levels in potential temperature (PT). The high value of HCl is highlighted since it is suggested that HCl is a main component of the total inorganic chlorine (Cl-y), defined as Cly similar or equal to HCl + ClO + chlorine nitrate (ClONO2), inside the Antarctic vortex in spring, owing to low ozone values. To confirm the quality of two SMILES level 2 (L2) data products provided by the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) and Japan's National Institute of Information and Communications Technology (NICT), vis-a-vis the partitioning of Cly, comparisons are made using other satellite data from the Aura Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS) and Atmospheric Chemistry Experiment Fourier Transform Spectrometer (ACE-FTS). HCl values from the SMILES NICT L2 product agree to within 10% (0.3 ppbv) with the MLS HCl data between 450 and 575K levels in PT and with the ACE-FTS HCl data between 425 and 575 K. The SMILES JAXA L2 product is 10 to 20% (0.2-0.5 ppbv) lower than that from MLS between 400 and 700K and from ACE-FTS between 500 and 700 K. For ClO in daytime, the difference between SMILES (JAXA and NICT) and MLS is less than +/- 0.05 ppbv (100 %) between 500K and 650K with the ClO values less than 0.2 ppbv. ClONO2 values as measured by ACE-FTS also reveal 0.2 ppbv at 475-500K level, resulting in the HCl/Cly ratios of 0.91-0.95. The HCl/Cly ratios derived from each retrieval agree to within -5 to 8% with regard to their averages. The high HCl values and HCl/Cly ratios observed by the three instruments in the lower stratospheric Antarctic vortex are consistent with previous observations in late Austral spring.
DOI 10.5194/amt-6-3099-2013
ISSN 1867-1381/1867-8548